Gum graft surgery is an effective surgical technique, which is constantly utilized by the professional dentists. It is used to restore recession in the gums particularly when basis of the teeth remains exposed because of the receding gum surface. Gum recession generally occur various dental problems like plaque, cavities, tooth decay and allergic reaction to the teeth. Sometimes, it also generates loss in the gum tissue and with its absence, bacteria can generate severe gum disease, irritation in the bone and then resulted in tooth loss. In order to come out from this serious condition, the patients have to go through gum graft surgery, which is performed by the professional dentists.
Types of Gum Graft Surgery
Gum graft surgery is a crucial means of removing severe gum diseases. Therefore, the experienced dentists perform this surgery into three types, such as:
Pedicle Gum Grafts
The method of pedicle grafts is required for those patients who have possessed bountiful gum tissue around the tooth, which are requiring to be repaired. During this method, the dentist grafts a gum tissue according to the already existing ones near the tooth. Afterward, a pedicle is partly cut away by the dentist with the purpose of remaining one side connected and then the pedicle is heaved up and down to wrap the exposed tooth root and bring it in place.
Connective Tissue Gum Grafts
Connective Tissue Gum Grafts are referred to as the most widely used gum grafts in the dentistry field. The dentists use them to cure root exposure that is surrounded the teeth. While performing this treatment, the specialists cut a pedicle from the cover of patient’s mouth and then eliminate tissue beneath the flap, which is followed by stitching of the gum tissue around the exposed root. To complete the procedure, the flap is sutured on the back portion.
Free Gingival Grafts
The third major sort of gum graft surgery is free gingival grafts. They are considered as equivalent to connective tissue graft but require small level of tissue to be obtained directly from the cover of the patient’s mouth. The tissue is situated and then combined in the straight line to the gum area that needs to be cured. These grafts are usually preferred for those patients who have thin gums in their mouth.
Each of these gum graft surgical procedures is performed by an experienced and professional dentist. Therefore, the specialist will decide the use of any of these gum graft methods depending upon the condition of patient’s teeth.
Precautions after Gum Graft Surgery
The procedure of gum graft surgery is extremely comfortable for the patients as they can walk away back to their home after its completion. There is an important point that the patients have to keep in their mind that this surgery won’t guarantee them a whole removal of gum problems. Therefore, they are required to learn various precautions after gum graft surgery such as to keep brushing of their teeth at least twice a day, use a fluoride toothpaste, floss daily, visit the dentist for scheduled check-ups, maintain balanced as well health diet and avoid smoking.